World No Tobacco Day 2019: Tobacco and Lung Health
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Known as the world’s ugliest crisis; Tobacco usage has crossed all the limits in the past few years. No matter the source be it cigarettes, which is on the top, the whole world is now taking every action necessary to completely eradicate this problem. World Tobacco Day is one of those efforts towards solving this problem.
With this year’s theme focused on the effects of tobacco on lung health. Let’s play our role in this cause to guide people on how to get rid of this deadly habit and how it affects their health. Tobacco use, mainly cigarette smoking, has been linked to almost every type of cancer, especially lung cancer.
According to Dr. Robert Wascher, MD, surgical oncologist at Cancer Treatment Centers of America® (CTCA), author of the book A Cancer Prevention Guide for the Human Race
Tobacco is by far the greatest cause of cancer cases and death.
Initiated by the World Health Organization (WHO), World No Tobacco Day is an action for the public to aware them of the manipulative tactics these tobacco companies use to ‘dupe’ people into smoking their products.
The exposure to tobacco affects the health of people’s lungs and causes various related diseases, e.g. lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), tuberculosis, asthma, pneumonia, bronchitis and lower respiratory infections, etc.
Death Statistics of Tobacco
Out of the more than 6 million tobacco-related deaths every year across the world, one-sixth occur in India alone. It has been estimated that the total tobacco-related deaths will rise to 8 million by 2030.
In India, every third adult consumes any form of tobacco. Bidis are the commonly consumed tobacco product and are primarily consumed by the poor. As per data, tobacco causes one death every six seconds.
According to a report by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), tobacco accounts for about 30% of all cancers in men and women in India. After lung cancer, Mouth cancer is most common among men. Tobacco-related cancer accounts for 42% of all male deaths due to cancer and 18.3% of all female deaths.
A Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS-2) report shows that India is the second largest consumer of tobacco products with 28.6% of the population addicted to its some form. Out of it, 10.7% smoke while the rest 21.4% use SLT. Out of the 346 million global SLT consumers, India alone covers 152.4 million consumers with a substantial increase across all age groups.
Harmful Chemicals present in Tobacco
Cigarette smoke alone has over 5,000 known chemical constituents . Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), N-nitrosamines and aromatic amines are one of the various carcinogens (cancer-causing agents) found in smoking, chewing, and snuffing tobacco .
Out of 5000, 73 are known carcinogens in smoking tobacco  and the 28 are known carcinogens in chewing tobacco and snuff. And out of the 73 known carcinogens in tobacco smoke, 20 are lung carcinogens.
PAH (Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons), nicotine-derived nitrosamine ketone (NNK), cadmium, radioactive isotope 210P, and volatile chemicals like 1,3-butadiene are one of the known lung carcinogens (cancer-causing agents), present in tobacco smoke.
Not only the cigarette smoker gets harmed by smoking but people around him also get affected. Chemicals present in cigarette smoke causes lung cancer when inhaled.
• Nicotine: is one of the deadliest element found in tobacco, as it targets the brain activity. While not known for cancer-causing or lethal, nicotine is highly addictive and exposes people to the very harmful effects of tobacco dependency.
• Carbon monoxide: binds to haemoglobin in red blood cells, preventing them from carrying all of the oxygen they normally would. This can lead to carbon monoxide poisoning.
• Arsenic: According to the Food and Drug Administration long-term exposure to high levels of arsenic leads to higher rates of skin cancer, bladder cancer and lung cancer, as well as heart disease.
How to Naturally Cleanse your Lungs
Often, we don’t realize how much smoking is damaging our lungs. If you are an active or an ex-smoker who wants to cleanse their lung, then follow these at home lung cleanse techniques.
There are prescription drugs that help smokers to quit, by using them along with nicotine replacement therapy (NRT). Smokers who are significantly dependent on nicotine should consider nicotine replacement or drug therapy to help them quit.
Talk to your doctor if you think you might want to use one of these drugs to help you quit tobacco. And you’ll need a prescription for these drugs.
- Varenicline (Chantix)
- Bupropion (Zyban)
There are various other options available to quit tobacco usage easily like
- Anti-smoking Strips: These strips work on the Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT). It allows your body to slowly adjust to consuming less nicotine until you no longer need it. NicoMeltz is India’s first Instamelt nicotine release strips.
- Nicotine gum: Scientific studies have shown that gum increases your chances of successfully quitting smoking. In addition, it helps you quit smoking in a healthier way.
- Lozenges: Nicotine lozenges work by providing nicotine to the body to decrease the withdrawal symptoms and reduce the urge to smoke.
Let World No Tobacco Day 2019 be the day when you start your no smoking plan and aware others about the dangers of this deadly addiction. You have to start from somewhere and move one step at a time.
Stay Safe Stay Healthy
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3. Hecht SS. Research opportunities related to establishing standards for tobacco products under the family smoking prevention and tobacco control act. Nicotine Tob Res. 2012; 14: 18-28.