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Millions of people all over the world suffer from Asthma. It kills around 1000 people every day and affects as many as 339 million people and prevalence is rising.
World Asthma Day (WAD) is organized by the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA). Which aims to increase awareness about asthma and its management across the world. It is celebrated every year on the first Tuesday of May. Activities are carried out throughout the world, to help educate asthma patients to keep their asthma under control.
With this year’s theme #STOP for Asthma: where STOP stands for Symptom Evaluation, Test Response, Observe and Assess, and Proceed to Adjust Treatment. Let’s focus on our part of creating awareness and how we can educate ourselves to help people with Asthma.
History of World Asthma Day
World Asthma Day was initially established by the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) in 1998. And was celebrated in more than 35 countries in conjunction with the first World Asthma Meeting held in Barcelona, Spain.
According to GINA, Asthma is under-diagnosed and under-treated across the globe. It creates a huge burden on individuals and families while restricting Asthma individuals’ activities for a lifetime.
We are with limited information about it, not all of us are aware of the actual nature, cause, and that there are multiple types of asthma out there. The Need of the hour is to first educate people about the basics of this disease. So, TabletShablet plays its part by creating awareness of Asthma and its control.
The Deep Insight to Asthma
Asthma is a condition in which a person’s airways become inflamed, narrow and swell. And produce extra mucus, which makes it difficult to breathe.
It’s a long-term inflammatory disease. And has symptoms like wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath. So, Depending on the person these symptoms may occur a few times a day or a few times per week.
At the start of an asthma attack, the airways allow enough air into the lungs. But, it does not let the carbon dioxide to leave the lungs at a fast rate. Carbon dioxide is poisonous if the body does not expel out the gas. This might further reduce the amount of oxygen entering the bloodstream.
When symptoms are at their peak, then Asthma attacks occur. They begin suddenly and can range from mild to severe.
In some asthma attacks, swelling in the airways completely blocks oxygen from reaching the lungs. Which stops the entry of oxygen into the bloodstream and then to vital organs.
Signs and Symptoms
Pay attention to these signs to be sure that you are not suffering from Asthma:
- Shortness of breath
- Chest tightness or pain
- Trouble sleeping caused by shortness of breath, coughing or wheezing
- A whistling or wheezing sound when exhaling
- Coughing, during exercise, especially at night or when laughing
Types of Asthma
Types of asthma are based on the triggers that cause an asthma episode. In addition, it also depends on things that make asthma worse in certain individuals.
1. Exercise-Induced Asthma:
Exercise commonly makes asthma symptoms worse. With proper treatment, people with exercise-induced asthma can continue to involve in physical activities. It takes less exercise to cause symptoms when the airways are more inflamed.
2. Nocturnal Asthma:
This type of Asthma worsens at night and is very common. The chances of having attacks are much higher during sleep.
3. Occupational Asthma:
Exposure to certain chemicals or dust at Workplace can induce asthma. These exposures can cause an allergic type of reaction or an asthma attack. So, it is Important to have quick recognition and control of workplace exposures.
4. Steroid-Resistant Asthma:
While the majority of patients respond well to regular inhaled (steroid) therapy, some people are steroid resistant. These people do not respond to steroids at normal doses. So, Consult your doctor about an action plan for working with this type of asthma.
5. Allergic Asthma:
Allergies can make asthma symptoms worse. So, it is best to avoid the things you are allergic to. Common Allergens such as pollen, dust and pet dander can trigger asthma symptoms and asthma attacks in certain people. You can use Anti Pollution Face masks, to avoid inhaling these allergens, to prevent the asthma attack. In addition, always have an inhaler with you.
How to avoid Asthma Attacks
While there’s no way to prevent asthma but one can definitely control their condition and prevent asthma attacks. Follow #STOP for Asthma:
- Follow your asthma action plan.
- Get a vaccination for influenza and pneumonia.
- Identify and avoid your asthma triggers.
- Also, Monitor your breathing.
- Identify and treat asthma attacks early.
- Take your medication as prescribed by your doctor.
- Also, Pay attention to your dependency on quick-relief inhalers.
So, this World Asthma Day, let’s pledge to educate ourselves and others on Asthma and its control. I hope that you find this blog helpful and informative. Feel free to like, share and comment in the section below.
Stay Healthy Stay Blessed