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The long-awaited monsoon is here! To relieve our body and soul from the scorching heat of the sun. Those tiny raindrops that chase away the heat, also bring with it a plethora of unwelcomed diseases. And if not taken care of, these diseases can become deadly!
So, in this blog, we’ll discuss some useful Monsoon tips that’ll help you stay protected from various diseases. One important thing to do is to stay cautious. Well, nobody is saying to not go out in the rain but, not too much to get sick.
Our body is more susceptible to health issues in the rainy season because of the warm, wet, and humid climate favours bacteria and virus. Also, water accumulation becomes the breeding ground for many disease-causing organisms.
Diseases Most common during Monsoon
Every monsoon, the risk of catching various diseases increases due to unhygienic conditions. Many of these diseases remain undiagnosed until they progress to serious health threats. It is important to understand the preventive measures of these diseases and precautions to protect others from it.
Here are some common diseases which are highly prevalent during this season that you should be aware of:
Malaria is a life-threatening disease caused by parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected female mosquitoes, Anopheles. Its symptoms usually appear 10–15 days after the infective mosquito bite. If not treated within 24 hours, it can lead to severe illness, often leading to death.
According to the latest World malaria report, released on November 2018, there were 219 million cases of malaria in 2017, up from 217 million cases in 2016. The estimated number of malaria deaths reaches 435 000 in 2017, similar to the previous year.
Typhoid is a bacterial infection caused by Salmonella Typhi, usually through ingestion of contaminated food or water. It is more prevalent in places where handwashing is less frequent. Typhoid is characterized by symptoms: prolonged fever, headache, nausea, loss of appetite and constipation.
According to the most recent estimates, between 11 and 21 million cases and 128 000 to 161 000 of typhoid-related deaths occur annually worldwide. If untreated, it is fatal in around 25% of cases.
Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral infection causing severe flu-like illness. It is transmitted by the mosquitoes Aedes, which are found throughout the world. Some of the common symptoms of dengue include high fever, rashes, headache and low platelet count.
Up to 50-100 million infections are estimated to occur annually in over 100 endemic countries, putting almost half of the world’s population at risk.
Viral fever is a higher-than-average body temperature, caused by a virus. Often, a person will experience symptoms that may include a runny nose, coughing, nausea, fatigue, and body aches. It is quite common, especially when there is a sudden climate change.
Monsoon Tips to Stay Healthy
# Avoid Unhealthy Food
Eating out should be avoided at all costs. The contaminated water and the unhygienic conditions during making the food leads to a number of diseases and infections.
Avoid spicy and sour foods, as they may cause skin allergies and water retention.
# Drink Clean Water
Drinking contaminated water is one of the main reasons for diseases in monsoon. In order to stay safe, make sure to drink clean water. Drink only boiled and purified water to protect yourself from harmful germs, so that there are no traces of bacteria and viruses in the drinking water.
# Don’t Wear Wet Clothes
Avoid getting wet in rains and try to keep your body warm. Because viruses attack immediately when body temperature goes down.
# Eat Healthy Food
Although monsoon calls for pakoras and chai, there is a greater chance of getting an infection from these food stall stuff. Instead of buying from outside, make any pakoras you want, at home.
Snack on seasonal fruits like apple, mango, pear, and pomegranates, as it helps conserve energy in the body. Adding garlic to cooking food helps increase body immunity.
Brown rice, oats, and barley are the best foods this season.
# Stay Hydrated
Drinking plenty of liquid is a must this season. Almonds, yoghurt, curd, and purified water maintain the required hydration levels in the body.
Drink plenty of water and healthy fluids to flush out toxins from the body.
# Stay Mosquito Protected
Stagnant water is the breeding place for mosquitoes, which can lead to diseases like Malaria, dengue, etc. Draining out the water from the flower vases and coolers which are not in use is the first step in controlling mosquitoes from breeding.
Especially at night, use mosquito nets, repellents and creams available in the market to protect yourself from mosquito bites.
# Clothing and Footwear
Wearing loose, cotton clothes are the best choice during Monsoons. Do not wear wet shoes as it can lead to fungal infections. Also, avoid walking barefoot.
All in all, enjoy the amazing weather along with the rains. However, just be cautious and take full care of your health. Just follow the Monsoon tips to enjoy the season to its fullest.
Don’t forget that if you are feeling sick and start showing symptoms of a disease, it is best to visit a doctor. Early diagnosis is very important.
Stay Monsoon Protected!!!